Cooking Glossary

ENGLISH HINDI TAMIL KANNADA
Spices/Herbs      
Turmeric Haldi Manjal Harasina pudi
Coriander seeds, Coriander powder Dhania Dhaniya Kothambari
Cloves Lavang Lavangam, Kirambu Lavanga
Fennel Saunf Sombu —–
Cinnamon Tuj/Dalchini Pattai Lavanga pattiai
Cardamom Elaichi Yelakkai Ellakki
Cilantro, Coriander leaves Dhania Kothamalli —–
Ginger Adrak Inji Shunti
Garlic Lasun Poondu Bellulli
Pepper corns Kalimirchi Milagu Menasu
Fenugreek seeds Methi Vendhayam Menthiyam
Red chili pepper lal Mirchi Kaindha milagai, Vatral milagai —–
Poppy seeds Khuskhus Gasagasa —–
Asafetida Hing Perungayam Ingu
Saffron Kesar Kungumapoo —–
Aniseed Sauf Perunjeeragam Dodda jeera
Bay leaf, Cinnamon leaf Tej/Tuj patta Birinji ilai —–
Cumin seeds Shah Jeera/Kala Jeera Sombu Jeerike
Mustard seeds Rai/Sarson Kadugu Sasuve
Mint leaves Podina Pudhina Pothina
Nuts/Dried fruit      
Peanuts, Groundnuts moongphali Verkadalai, Nilakadalai veru senaga pappu
Cashew nut Kaju Mundhiri Paruppu Godambi,   jeedi pappu
Almonds Badam    
Pistachio Pista    
Walnut Akroot    
Dates Kajhoor    
dried Apricot Khumani    
Raisin Kishmish Kaintha thratchai Ona drakshi
Grains/Flours      
Gram flour Besan Kadalai Mavu —–
All purpose flour (Maida) Maida Maida mavu —–
Wheat flour Atta, Chappathi flour Gothumai mavu, Chapathi mavu —–
Par-boiled rice —– Puzhungal Arisi —–
       
Semolina Suji Ravai Rave
Lentils dal Paruppu Bayle
Vermicelli Seviyan Semiya Semigae
Yellow split peas Thoor dal Thuvaram Paruppu —–
Bengal gram Channa dal Kadalai Paruppu —–
Black gram Urad dal Ulundhu —–
Green gram Moong dal Pachai Paruppu —–
Seasonings      
Tamarind Imli Puli Hunase hunnu
Jaggery Gur Vellam Bella
Sesame seeds til Ellu —–
Green hot chili Hari Mirchi Pachai milagai —–
Green pepper, Capsicum bari mirch Kudai milagai bengaluru mirapakayi
Curry leaves kari Patta Karivepilai —–
Shrimp, Prawn Jinga Iraal —–
Vegetables      
Egg plant, Brinjal Biangan Katharikai —–
Okra, Ladies Finger Bhindi Vendaikai —–
White Bait —– Nethili meen —–
Gentleman’s Toes, Tindla tinda Kovaikai —–
Drumstick Seeng Murungaikai —–
Bottle Guard,Opo Squash Doodhi Suraikai —–
Serrated Guard, Chinese Okra   Peerkangkai —–
Amaranth Chauli, chavleri    
Arrowroot Paniphal, Tikora    
Ash gourd Petha    
Asparagus Shatwar, sootmooli,halyan    
Asparagus Musli    
Avocado, butterfruit Makhanphal    
Bell Pepper Simla Mirch    
Bengal gram leaves Chaney ki bhaji (Hummus)    
Bitter gourd Karela    
Bottle gourd Lauki,doodhi    
Cabbage Patha gobi    
Carrot Gajar    
Cauliflower Phool gobi    
Chilli Mirchi    
Cluster Beans Gowaar Phali    
Colocasia Arbi    
Coriander Cilantro Dhania    
Corn cobs, maize Bhutta, makka    
Corn kernel Makai    
Cowpea Lobia    
Cucumber Kakdi    
Dillweed Suvabhaji    
Drumstick leaves Muranka bhaji    
French Beans Flas Beans    
Gardencress Halim    
Gherkins Kunthroo, Goli, Tondli    
Green chilli Hari mirch    
Indian sorrel Khatti bhaji    
Khesari leaves Masoor bhaji    
Lettuce Kasmisaag    
Lime or Lemon Nimbu    
Lotus Stem Kamal Kakadior, Bhien    
Makhanphal Avocado, butterfruit    
Mushrooms Goochi    
Olives Zetoon / Zaitoon    
Onion Kanda Pyaaz    
Peas Matar    
Potato Aloo    
Pumpkin Kadhu    
Radish Mooli    
Red sorrel Chukka bhaji    
Salad leaves, endives Gulsuchal    
Spinach Palak    
Sweet potato Shakarkand    
Tapioca Simla Aloo    
Tomato Tamatar    
Vegetables Sabji    
Water Chestnuts Shingara    
       
FRUIT      
Apple Sabe
Bael, Stone apple, Bengal quince Bel, siriphal
Banana Kela
Chakothra Pomelo
Chin fruit, litchie Lichee
Figs Amjeer
Grapes Angoor
Guavas Amrood
Jackfruit Kathal
Jamoon Jambul fruit java plum
Mango Aam
Mashmelon Kharbooja
Mulberry Shehtooth
Muskmelon Cantalope Kharbooja
Orange Santra
Papaya Papeeta
Pear Nashpati
Pineapple Ananas
Plum Aloobukara
Pomegranate Anar
Sweet lime Mosambi
Watermelon Tarbooj, Kalingad
Zizyphus Ber, bor
     
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